Guadagnare Salute

Epidemiologia e prevenzione delle malattie cerebro e cardiovascolari


Disease indicators

Disease indicators

Diseases of the circulatory system are the main cause of death in our country, accounting for 44% of deaths (year 2002 data). The most frequent are myocardial infarction and stroke, which are of atherosclerotic origin.


The following indicators are used to describe cerebro and cardiovascular disease:

  • prevalence: the percentage of patients with a given disease
  • mortality: the number of deaths over a specified period of time
  • case fatality: the percentage of deaths among sick individuals
  • incidence: the number of new cases of disease in a population at risk over a given period of time, usually a calendar year
  • attack rate: the number of events in a given population, including recurrences.

This section draws on several sources to provide estimates of prevalence, mortality, case fatality, incidence and attack rate of cardiovascular disease:

Data from the MONICA-OMS Project, collected between mid 1980s and mid 90s, are also available.

© Istituto Superiore di Sanita (ISS)