Prevention and lifestyle
Many foods we eat are transformed into a sugar, the glucose, which is used by the body to produce energy. The pancreas produces an hormone, the insulin, which facilitates the entry of glucose into the cells. If a person is affected by diabetes, then his/her body is unable to produce enough insulin or to use it properly; this leads to higher sugar levels in the blood, that is an increase in glycaemia.
Glycaemia is measured in milligrams per decilitre (mg/dl) or in millimoles per litre (mmol/l). A person is diabetic if fasting glycaemia measured at least twice with a one-week interval between the two measurements is equal to or higher than 126 mg/dl.
There are two forms of diabetes:
How to keep blood sugar levels at a favorable rate
Diabetes is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Diabetic persons can reduce their cardiovascular risk by modifying the other risk factors:
Diabetes and cardiovascular disease
Diabetes is a serious disease and, if not properly treated, it may lead to macro- and micro-vascular complications. Diabetes increases the risk of atherosclerosis, favours hypertension and hypercholesterolemia and reduces HDL-cholesterol level.
Moreover, diabetes may lead to complications that affect eyes (blindness), kidneys and the nervous system.
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